捷克的迷幻药

The Czech Republic.捷克共和国。 Famed for beer, ancient castles,以啤酒,古老的城堡而闻名, 骨骨, and being from whence Kafka and his nightmarish tales came .卡夫卡和他的噩梦故事从何而来。 Not, on the surface, such a colourful place.从表面上看,不是这样一个五彩缤纷的地方。 However, this impressively sombre resume belies a past, present and future rife with psychedelic research.但是,这份令人印象深刻的简历掩盖了迷幻研究的过去,现在和未来。 In fact, the Czech Republic holds a reputation for being one of the most forward-thinking countries in the world when it comes to both psychedelic therapy, and drug laws in general.实际上,就迷幻疗法和一般毒品法而言,捷克共和国是世界上最具远见的国家之一。 Theirs is a long and fruitful relationship with psychotropic substances.他们与精神药物有着长期而富有成果的关系。 Here we will delve into the history, the future, and the now, of psychedelics in the Czech Republic.在这里,我们将深入研究捷克共和国迷幻的历史,未来和现在。 

19世纪

魔术蘑菇的秘密早已被西方共享 玛丽亚·萨比娜(Maria Sabina),甚至在Albert Hoffman在捷克巴塞尔合成LSD之前 (然后是捷克斯洛伐克人) Jan Evangelista Purkinje是一位世界著名的捷克科学家。 Most noted for introducing the term最引人注目的是引入术语 '原生质' to describe the fluid substance in a cell.描述细胞中的液体物质。 He was also a fearless self-experimenter with drugs.他还是一名无所畏惧的毒品自我试验者。 Frustrated with the way in which沮丧的方式 medica medica(相当于19世纪的药理学) 在机构中接受教授时,众所周知他自己会摄取各种物质并记录结果。

Purkinje用包括颠茄,鸦片和洋地黄叶的物质进行了自我实验。 The most psychedelic-esque results occurred after Purkinje took a dose of nutmeg suspended in a glass of wine.浦肯野服用一杯酒中悬浮的肉豆蔻后,产生了最迷幻的效果。 This induced nausea, euphoria and hallucinations这引起恶心,欣快和幻觉 that lasted days.持续了几天。 Thus began the Czech Republic's reputation as a nation of psychedelic explorers.从而开始了捷克共和国作为迷幻探险家的国家的声誉。 

20世纪

就在此之前 霍夫曼 released his psychedelic child on the world, many enquiring minds were already experimenting with mescaline.在世界上释放了他的迷幻孩子时,许多好奇的人已经在尝试使用麦斯卡林。 In在 (然后) Svetozar Nevole (1910-1965) was a Czech psychiatrist who's deep exploration into mescaline laid the groundwork for future LSD research.是一位捷克精神病医生,他对可卡因的深入研究为未来LSD研究奠定了基础。 On the subject he published the tantalisingly titled关于这个主题,他发表了诱人的标题 论四维视觉 在感觉错觉上。 尽管对Nevole的了解并不多,但他的研究启发了当代医学从业者和未来的迷幻研究人员,例如Stanislav Grof。 (稍后再讨论)。

1960年代,气单胞菌素和LSD

LSD于1952年作为礼物送抵捷克斯洛伐克。 瑞士人 Sandoz精神病学家和研究员J.Roubíček的实验室。 The substance was labeled as该物质被标记为 Delysid。 It was accompanied by a note that explained its potential use as a tool for psychotherapy.附有说明,解释了其作为心理治疗工具的潜在用途。 It also advised that for psychiatrists to better understand their patients, as well as to utilise the substance properly, they should experience its transformative effects themselves.它还建议,为了让精神科医生更好地了解患者并正确使用该物质,他们应该亲自体验其转化作用。 Thus, on Sandoz's recommendation, as well as in the now rich Czech tradition of self-experimentation, the researchers did just that.因此,在桑多斯(Sandoz)的建议下,以及在捷克现在丰富的自我实验传统中,研究人员正是这样做的。 

“自动实验是一种拓宽和补充学术知识,以及丰富和加深医生对精神疾病患者的理解的方法; it is possible to say that it contributes to a more humane relationship to those with psychosis.'可以说,它有助于与精神病患者建立更人性化的关系。” 

鲁比切克(1961)

迷幻研究的“黄金时代”

The 'Golden Age' of psychedelic research continued in Czechoslovakia until 1974. They had to follow the rest of the world, by making psychotropic substances illegal.迷幻药研究的“黄金时代”一直持续到XNUMX年,直到XNUMX年,他们才通过将精神药物定为非法来追随世界其他地区。 Until then however, some of the most exciting and thorough psychedelic studies had been emanating from the country.然而,在那之前,该国一直在进行一些最令人兴奋和最彻底的迷幻研究。 The research had many bases to call home including这项研究有许多基础可以回访,包括 精神病研究所 在布拉格(这个名字 布拉格,源自捷克语中的“阈值”,适用于迷幻探险家之乡。 Additionally, just outside of Prague, in a small town called Sadská, existed one of the most important and prolific LSD research centres.此外,在布拉格郊外的一个名为萨德斯卡(Sadská)的小镇上,存在着最重要和最多产的LSD研究中心之一。 Led by prominent Czech LSD researcher Milan Hausner, between 1966 and 1974 this centre would see over 3000 therapeutic LSD sessions.在XNUMX年至XNUMX年之间,由捷克著名的LSD研究人员Milan Hausner领导,该中心将举办XNUMX多次治疗性LSD会议。 

展望过去

During this period researchers also experimented extensively with other psychedelic substances such as psilocybin and mescaline.在此期间,研究人员还对其他迷幻药物,如psilocybin和mescaline进行了广泛的实验。 They found great potential in their ability to treat depression, anxiety and addiction .他们在治疗抑郁症,焦虑症和成瘾能力方面发现了巨大的潜力。 Of course, when these vital tools were made illegal in 1974, the research was forced to be abandoned, so dormant it lay for many years.当然,当这些重要工具在XNUMX年被定为非法时,这项研究被迫放弃,因此休眠了许多年。

然而,这段时间对迷幻剂的研究是如此丰富,以至于来自美国的Petr Winkler博士 国立精神卫生研究所 has recently made the move to review all the work that was done during this time.最近已采取措施审查这段时间内完成的所有工作。 It is no surprise really that in this new wave of research, psychedelic scholars are looking to the past.毫不奇怪,在这一新的研究浪潮中,迷幻的学者们回顾了过去。 Former Czechoslovakia had five psychedelic research centres alone!前捷克斯洛伐克仅拥有五个迷幻研究中心! One of them, The Psychiatric Research Institute was led by Dr Grof, who after the psychedelic ban, became famous for his theory of其中之一,精神病研究所由格罗夫(Grof)博士领导。 整体呼吸。 This breathing technique purports you can achieve the transcendental high of a psychedelic substance through controlled breathing alone.这种呼吸技术声称您可以通过单独控制呼吸来达到迷幻物质的先验高度。 

今天

Today the Czech Republic is again one of the leading countries in psychedelic research.今天,捷克共和国再次成为迷幻研究的领先国家之一。 Prague was the proud host of the布拉格是布拉格的骄傲东道国 迷幻之外 psilocybin研究人员FilipTylš对迷幻研究的过去和未来充满热情。 This duality is epitomised in his psilocybin research basement housed in the这种双重性体现在他的psilocybin研究地下室中。 国家心理健康研究所。 While the experiments here are both modern and forward thinking, the tea-room-like decor of the basement is in fact inspired by the research spaces of Dr Milan Hausner from so many years before.虽然这里的实验既是现代性的又是前瞻性的,但地下室的茶室般的装饰实际上是受到了米兰·豪斯纳博士多年以来研究空间的启发。 

So there you have it, the Czech Republic.捷克共和国就在那里。 A country with a psychedelic past, present—and an even brighter future.一个有着迷幻的过去,现在和更加光明的未来的国家。 

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